Skip to main content

Victoria Schuck papers

 Collection
Identifier: MS 0841

Scope and Contents

The Victoria Schuck Papers primarily document her professional activities as a political scientist and professor of political science at Mount Holyoke College. Materials are arranged into these series: Correspondence, Writings, Course Records; Amherst-Mount Holyoke Political Studies Records, Internship Records, Subject Files, Mount Holyoke College Political Science Department Materials, Records of Mount Holyoke College Committee Work, Women in Politics Symposium Records, Memorabilia, Biographical Materials, Audiocassettes, and Photographs. There is also a series for Oversize (Folio) Material described as part of other series.

Correspondence (1945-1989, n.d.) contains letters by and to Schuck, primarily concerning her professional activities. Correspondents include Mount Holyoke College students, alumnae, faculty, and administrators as well as colleagues elsewhere and political figures in the United States and other countries. These letters discuss her courses at Mount Holyoke, her speaking engagements, her research, and her work as a member of numerous local, state, and national boards, commissions, and organizations.

Writings (1941-1982) consist of published as well as unpublished works written by Schuck. Two reports were written by her as part of her work for the United States Office of Price Administration and Office of Temporary Controls during and soon after World War II. Most of the other works reflect her service as a member of several organizations and commissions, including the President's Commission on Registration and Voting Participation, the Massachusetts State Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights, and the Planning Board of South Hadley, Massachusetts. There are also copies of her books, articles, reports, and notes about women in politics, party politics, and constitutional government and her analysis of Political Science and Instruction in Political Science at Mount Holyoke College.

Course Records (1930-1976, n.d.) contain syllabi, readings lists, lecture notes, papers and projects written by students, class lists, and other materials from Schuck's political science classes at Mount Holyoke College. Most of these records are for courses in urban planning, American government, public policy, presidential leadership, and political philosophy and behavior.

Records of the Amherst-Mount Holyoke Political Studies Center (1952-1970) primarily document the work of Mount Holyoke College and Amherst College students who conducted a variety of studies and surveys of political issues and events in local communities. Topics studied by the students include the results of local, state, and national elections in Holyoke, Massachusetts and town planning in South Hadley, Massachusetts. Several studies concern Springfield, Massachusetts, including Negro Leadership in that city (1964) and the results of local, states, and national elections in November, 1964. There are also surveys of the political activities of Mount Holyoke students in 1959-1960 and students' responses in the spring of 1964 to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in November, 1963.

Internship Records (1950-1976, circa 1986) contain correspondence, applications, reports, schedules, and financial records concerning students who participated in summer internships available through the Amherst-Mount Holyoke Political Studies Center or the Washington Internship Program. Most of these documents concern Mount Holyoke students, who provided detailed reports describing their experiences as interns. There is also a summary of the Most Memorable Experiences of Mount Holyoke Interns, probably compiled for a celebration of the history of the Washington Internship Program in 1986.

Schuck's Subject Files (1945-1974) consist of correspondence, memoranda, bibliographies, publications, and memorabilia. Most of these materials document her work as a member of the Massachusetts Commission on Interstate Cooperation, the Massachusetts State Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights (1961-1974) and President's Commission on Registration and Voting Participation (1963-1965); her membership in the American Association of University Women, the American Political Science Association, and the New England Political Science Association; her service on the Berkshire Community College New Campus Committee (1964-1973) and the Board of Trustees and Building Authority of the University of Massachusetts at Amherst (1958-1971). Other files concern her studies of the constitution revision process in the United States, the constitution of South Vietnam, the early years of the United Nations, and women in politics. There are also documents, buttons, lapel pins, a bar of Goldwater soap, and other materials from her attendance at the Republican National Convention of 1964.

Mount Holyoke College Political Science Department Materials (1942-1976) consist of minutes, correspondence, reports, memoranda, course descriptions, schedules, examinations, financial records, publications, and lists. These records, which were primarily created or sent to Schuck (often as Department Chair) concern course offerings and the activities of faculty and students. Some materials also relate to the Amherst-Mount Holyoke Political Studies Center.

Schuck's Records of Mount Holyoke College Committee Work (1948-1963) consist of correspondence, reports, programs, announcements, schedules, articles, financial records, and lists. Most materials document her service on the College's Lecture Committee (1948-1950) and Special Events Committee (1961-1963). Both committees were involved in selecting individuals to participate in programs at Mount Holyoke. These materials include twenty-one letters exchanged by Schuck and Bertrand Russell, who spoke at the College in the fall of 1950, as well as her correspondence with other notable political figures, scientists, authors, and artists. There are also reports, correspondence, and notes from Schuck's years as a member of the College's Honors Committee (1960-1962). These materials consist of reports, correspondence, and lists of students concerning students eligible for honors work.

Records for the Women in Politics Symposium held at Mount Holyoke College in 1974 consist of correspondence, memoranda, programs, schedules, press releases, biographical information, and lists. This event (organized by Schuck) featured many women politicians who discussed their experiences in local, state, and national politics.

Memorabilia (1953-1986) consists of letters, programs, invitations, certificates, announcements, publications, political cartoons, lists, cards, and a scrapbook. These documents primarily concern events during Schuck's life such as her appointment by John F. Kennedy as a member of the President's Commission on Registration and Voting Participation in 1963, her tour of the Cape Kennedy Air Force station in 1966, and her inauguration as President of Mount Vernon College in 1978. The scrapbook, compiled on the occasion of Schuck's retirement from full-time teaching at Mount Holyoke in 1974, contains letters and tributes by colleagues and alumnae. There are also original drawings of five political cartoons (1957-1958) by Daniel R. Fitzpatrick, editorial cartoonist for the St. Louis Dispatch.

Biographical Material (1940-1999, n.d.) primarily consists of newspaper articles and press releases about Schuck's professional activities from 1940-1980. These documents concern her work as a member of numerous boards, organizations, and committees, her lectures, and her frequent trips to Washington, D.C. with students in her political science classes. The series also includes an article (circa 1986) about the house that Frank Lloyd Weight designed for her (which was never built), tributes to her work by members of the United States Congress (1978, 1980, 1986), and a copy of Schuck's obituary (1999).

Audiocassettes (1988) consist of two copies of a recording of a panel discussion in which Schuck participated at the Women and the Constitution: a Bicentennial History conference held in Atlanta, Georgia in February 1988. The topic of the panel was Abigail Adams and Her Times.

Photographs (circa 1940s-1992, n.d.) primarily show Shuck alone or with others. The formal portraits and informal photographs of Schuck date from the 1940s to about the 1970s. Images of Schuck and others include photographs of Mount Holyoke students and interns at the White House (1965, 1968) and elsewhere in Washington, D.C. There are also photographs of Schuck and students with Dwight D. Eisenhower, Barry Goldwater, Hubert H. Humphrey, Edward M. Kennedy, John F. Kennedy, Robert F. Kennedy, and other political figures.

Dates

  • 1930-1999, n.d.

Conditions Governing Access

Unrestricted except for evaluations of and recommendations for students in Series 3 and Series 5; surveys providing names and descriptions of respondents and student papers that are graded or otherwise evaluated in Series 4; and information about students' grades in Series 7 and Series 8. These records many be used by researchers who sign the Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections Restricted Records Statistical and Quantitative Research Contract.

Conditions Governing Use

Use of the collection is governed by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, U.S.C.)

Biographical Note

Victoria Schuck was born on March 16, 1909 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma to Anthony B. and Anna Prieb Schuck. She grew up in San Marino, California and received her B.A. (1930), M.A. (1931) and Ph.D. (1937) from Stanford University. She was an assistant professor at Florida State College for Women from 1937-1940, and then became a member of the Mount Holyoke College Political Science Department. During and after World War II she also worked for two federal agencies: the Office of Price Administration, where she was the Principal Program Analyst from 1942-1944 and the Office of Temporary Controls, where she served as a consultant from 1945-1947. She was a visiting lecturer at Smith College (1948-1949), a visiting professor at Stanford University (1952), and a visiting scholar at the Brookings Institute (1967-1968).

Schuck was an innovative teacher of courses in American government, urban planning, and the administration of public policy. In 1949, she initiated a Washington Internship Program to provide Mount Holyoke students with an opportunity to work in Washington, D.C. as summer assistants to members of congress, senators, and administrators of federal agencies. This program was the first of its kind and it served as a model for similar internships at other schools. In 1954, she was instrumental in establishing a Political Studies Center to encourage students at Amherst College and Mount Holyoke to become involved in politics through interaction with residents of local communities. She invited many national, state, and local politicians to speak at Mount Holyoke, including United States presidential candidates Barry Goldwater and Hubert H. Humphrey and Massachusetts senators Edward M. Kennedy and John F. Kennedy.

Schuck served on several Mount Holyoke Committees, including the Lecture Committee (1948-1974), the Honors Committee (1960-1962), and the committee that planned special events held during the College's one hundred twenty-fifth anniversary celebration in 1962. Shuck also served on many local, state, and federal commissions and boards and was an active member of numerous professional organizations. In 1963, President John F. Kennedy appointed her as a member of the President's Commission on Registration and Voting Participation. She was a member of the Massachusetts Commission on Interstate Cooperation (1957-1960), the Board of Trustees of the University of Massachusetts (1958-1965) and the University's Building Authority (1960-1968), the Town of South Hadley, Massachusetts Planning Board (1961-1967), the Massachusetts Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights (1962-1974), and the Berkshire Community College New Campus Committee (1964-1973). She was Vice President of the American Political Science Association (1971-1972) and President of the Northeastern Political Science Association (1972-1973).

In 1966 and 1971, Schuck received grants to observe elections in South Vietnam and to study the Vietnamese constitution. Her publications include articles about women in politics and a survey of documents and writings about the Watergate Affair. Shuck retired from full-time teaching at Mount Holyoke in May of 1974, but returned to teach Winter Term courses in 1975 and 1976. She then served as President of Mount Vernon College in Washington, D.C. from 1977-1980 and received an honorary degree from that school upon her retirement. In 1988, the American Political Science Association established an annual award in her name to be given to the author of a book on women and politics. Schuck died on February 15, 1999 at the age of eighty-nine in Chevy Chase, Maryland.

Extent

31.07 Linear Feet (71 full Hollinger and 7 half Hollinger boxes; 2 folio boxes not included in linear footage calculation)

Abstract

Schuck, Victoria, 1909-1999; political scientist and college professor and administrator. Mount Holyoke College faculty member, 1940-1976. Papers contain correspondence; her writings; records for many of her courses at Mount Holyoke; records of the Amherst-Mount Holyoke Political Studies Center and the Washington Internship Program; subject files; records of Mount Holyoke committees, the Political Science Department, and the Women in Politics Symposium held at the College; memorabilia; biographical material; audiocassettes, and photographs. Primarily document her work as a political science professor at Mount Holyoke, her research interests, and her service as a member of numerous organizations, commissions, and boards.

Processing Information

Processed by Patricia J. Albright, 1987, 2008, with assistance from Ralitsa Donkova and Autumn S. Winslow, 2005-2008.
Title
Victoria Schuck Papers
Subtitle
Finding Aid
Author
Finding aid prepared by Patricia J. Albright, Ralitsa Donkova, and Autumn S. Winslow.
Date
2008
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections Repository

Contact:
50 College Street
8 Dwight Hall
South Hadley MA 01075-6425 USA
413-538-3079